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SPF - Assessment

Step #1: Assessment
The purpose of this step is to understand local prevention needs based on a careful review of data
gathered from a variety of sources. These data help planners to identify and prioritize the substance
misuse problems present in their community; clarify the impact these problems have on community
members; identify the specific factors that contribute to these problems; assess readiness; and
determine the resources required to address those factors. Ultimately, a thorough and inclusive
assessment process helps to ensure that substance misuse prevention efforts are appropriate and
on target.

To conduct a comprehensive assessment of prevention needs, prevention professionals gather data
about each of the following:
  • The nature of the substance misuse problem in the community and related harmful behaviors
  • Risk and protective factors that influence substance misuse problems, particularly those of high priority in the community
  • Community capacity for prevention, including readiness and available resources

Information on the Strategic Prevention Framework provided by:

SAMHSA - Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.  2019.  "A Guide to SAMHSA’s Strategic Prevention Framework"

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